White rot fungi efficiently degrade lignin, a complex aromatic polymer in wood that is among the most abundant natural materials on earth. These fungi use extracellular oxidative enzymes that are also able to transform related aromatic compounds found in explosive contaminants, pesticides and toxic…
Keywords: Wood-destroying fungi, wood-decaying fungi, genome sequences, Phanerochaete chrysosporium
Source: Nature biotechnology. Vol. 22, no. 6 (June 2004): Pages 695-700
Mushroom-producing white-rot basidiomycetes can grow rapidly and produce heavy mycelial growth on treated conifer wastes with extractive-degrading fungi. This study evaluates the treatment of scaled-up conifer wood chips with Ophiostoma piliferum (Cartapip 97). Treated conifer chips were used as…
Keywords: Pleurotus, wood chip utilization, wood-decaying fungi, mushrooms, white-rot, Basidiomycetes, loblolly pine, southern yellow pine, Ophiostoma piliferum
Source: Mushrooms international. No. 91 (Jan. 2003): Pages 4-7
A peroxidase-encoding gene, mnp2, and its corresponding cDNA were characterized from the white-rot basidiomycete Trametes versicolor PRL 572. We used quantitative reverse transcriptase-mediated PCR to identify mnp2 transcripts in nutrient-limited stationary cultures. Although mnp2 lacks upstream…
Keywords: Trametes versicolor, manganese peroxidase-encoding gene, wood-decaying fungi, peroxidase-encoding gene, mnp2, Basidiomycetes
Source: Applied and environmental microbiology. Vol. 68, no. 4 (Apr. 2002): Pages 2077-2080
Treating wood with the water-borne sodium salt of N'-N-naphthaloylhydroxylamine (Na-NHA) protects wood against decay and termite damage. Initial testing indicated little or no inhibition of sapstain fungi, molds, or soft-rot fungi by Na-NHA, suggesting that the mechanism by which this compound…
Keywords: NHA, wood-decaying fungi, fungal decay, wood preservatives
Source: Thirty-third Annual Meeting of the International Research Group on Wood Preservation, 2002 May 12-17, Cardiff, South Wales, UK. Stockholm, Sweden : IRG Secretariat, 2002:  pages
Wood can be chemically modified to reduce the moisture content of the cell wall and increases decay resistance. As the level of bonded chemical increases, the cell wall equilibrium moisture content decreases and the resistance to attack by white-and brown-rot fungi increases. There is a direct…
Keywords: Plant cell walls, wood-decaying fungi, wood moisture, wood chemistry, chemical reactions, biodegradation, wood preservation, deterioration, acetylation, resistance to decay, modified wood, preservation, moisture content, chemical modification of wood, dimensional stability
Source: ECOWOOD 2006 : 2nd International Conference on Environmentally-Compatible Forest Products, Fernando, Pessoa University, Oporto, Portugal, 20-22 September 2006. [S.l. : s.n.], 2006: p. 227-237.
Wood inhabiting, rotting and/or decomposing fungi from Alaska include representatives from an assortment of fungal groups (cup, jelly, pored coral, tooth, puffball, gilled and lichenized fungi) and one fungus-like group (the slime molds). Of the more than 1,500 species recorded for North America,…
Keywords: Myxomycetes, Ascomycetes, Basidiomycetes, wood-decaying fungi, classification, fungi, Alaska, identification, utilization, mycological surveys
Source: Alaska park science. Vol. 4, no. 1 (June 2005): pages 18-25.
For most markets for wood, it is used without any treatments or modifications. When wood is used in adverse environments, it may be treated with chemicals to help prevent decay, improve water resistance, reduce the effects of ultraviolet radiation or increase fire retardancy. Many of these…
Keywords: Acetic anhydride, acetylation, chemical modification, decay, dimensional stability, equilibrium moisture content, fungal cellar, fungi, plant cell walls, wood-decaying fungi, wood moisture, wood chemistry, biodegradation, deterioration, chemical reactions, wood preservation, acetylated wood, resistance to decay, modified wood, chemical modification of wood, moisture content, preservation
Source: Wood material science and engineering. Vol. 1 (2006): pages 29-33.
Eight species of Phanerochaete are reported from Uruguay for the first time, including a new species, P. vesiculosa. Phanerochaete vesiculosa is characterized by thin-walled, clavate to cylindrical vesicles embedded in the subiculum. A key to the known species of Phanerochaete from Uruguay is…
Keywords: Phanerochaete vesiculosa, taxonomy, Corticiaceae, wood-decaying fungi, classification, identification, Basidiomycetes, taxonomy
Source: Sydowia. Vol. 57 (2005): p. 94-101.
The white-rot basidiomycete Phanerochaete chrysosporium employs extracellular enzymes to completely degrade the major polymers of wood: cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin. Analysis of a total of 10,048 v2.1 gene models predicts 769 secreted proteins, a substantial increase over the 268 models…
Keywords: Phanerochaete chrysosporium, secretion, secretome, proteome, gene cluster, proteins, lignocellulose, hemicellulose, gene expression, Basidiomycetes, wood-decaying fungi, enzymes, mass spectrometry, biodegradation, peptides, genomes, molecular genetics, fungi, industrial applications, wood decay, white rot
Source: Fungal genetics and biology. Vol. 43 (2006): pages 343-356.
We describe the structure, organization, and transcriptional impact of repetitive elements within the lignin-degrading basidiomycete, Phanerochaete chrysosporium. Searches of the P. chrysosporium genome revealed five copies of pce1, a 1,750-nt non-autonomous, class II element. Alleles encoding a…
Keywords: Phanerochaete chrysosporium, retrotransposons, multicopper oxidase, cytochrome P450, fungi, genetics, industrial applications, molecular genetics, gene expression, copper, lignin, biodegradation, genetic transcription, Basidiomycetes, oxidases, wood-decaying fungi, transposons, white rot
Source: Molecular genetics and genomics. Vol. 277 (2007): pages 43-55.