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Updating the National Fire-Danger Rating System (NFDRS) was completed in 1977, and operational use of it was begun the next year. The System provides a guide to wildfire control and suppression by its indexes that measure the relative potential of initiating fires. Such fires do not behave…
Author(s): Jack D. Cohen, John E. Deeming
Keywords: fire modeling, fire occurrence, fire-danger indexes, forest-fire hehavior, forest-fire risk, fuel moisture, fuel models
Source: Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-82. Berkeley, CA: Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, Forest Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture; 16 p
Year: 1985
Major wildland/urban interface fire losses, principally residences, continue to occur. Although the problem is not new, the specific mechanisms are not well known on how structures ignite in association with wildland fires. In response to the need for a better understanding of wildland/urban…
Author(s): Jack D. Cohen
Source: In: Weise, David R.; Martin, Robert E., technical coordinators. The Biswell symposium: fire issues and solutions in urban interface and wildland ecosystems; February 15-17, 1994; Walnut Creek, California. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-158. Albany, CA: Pacific Southwest Research Station, Forest Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture; p. 85-92
Year: 1995
In September 1995, the Society for Ecological Restoration (SER) held its Annual Meeting at the University of Washington in Seattle. The meeting included two dozen conferences and several symposia and field trips dealing with various aspects of applying ecological restoration on both site-specific…
Author(s): Stephen F. Arno
Keywords: fire ecology, fire regimes, forest restoration, ecosystem management, Society for Ecological Restoration, SER
Source: In: Hardy, Colin C.; Arno, Stephen F., eds. The use of fire in forest restoration. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-GTR-341. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station. p. 3-5.
Year: 1996
Periodic forest, grassland, and shrubland fires are part of the natural environment-as natural and vital as rain, snow, or wind (Heinselman 1978). Evidence of past fires is found in charcoal layers in lakes and bogs, and in the fire-scarred cross sections of trees. Recurring disturbances by fire…
Author(s): Robert W. Mutch, Wayne A. Cook
Keywords: fire ecology, fire regimes, forest restoration, ecosystems
Source: In: Hardy, Colin C.; Arno, Stephen F., eds. The use of fire in forest restoration. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-GTR-341. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station. p. 9-11.
Year: 1996
Fire has been an important evolutionary influence in forests, affecting species composition, structure, and functional aspects of forest biology. Restoration of wildland forests of the future will depend in part on restoring fire to an appropriate role in forest ecosystems. This may include the "…
Author(s): James K. Agee
Keywords: fire ecology, fire regimes, forest restoration, fire history
Source: In: Hardy, Colin C.; Arno, Stephen F., eds. The use of fire in forest restoration. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-GTR-341. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station. p. 12-13.
Year: 1996
During the last 2 years, many people from numerous government agencies and private institutions compiled a scientific assessment of the natural and human resources of the Interior Columbia River Basin (Jensen and Bourgeron 1993). This assessment is meant to guide the development of a coarse-scale…
Author(s): Robert E. Keane, James P. Menakis, Wendel J. Hann
Keywords: fire ecology, fire regimes, forest restoration, coarse-scale restoration, Interior Columbia River Basin, ecosystems
Source: In: Hardy, Colin C.; Arno, Stephen F., eds. The use of fire in forest restoration. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-GTR-341. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station. p. 14-19.
Year: 1996
Ecosystems and landscapes change over time as a function of vegetation characteristics and disturbance regimes, including fire. Interactions between disturbance events and forest development (succession) create patterns of vegetation across landscapes. These patterns result from, and change with…
Author(s): Ann E. Camp, Paul F. Hessburg, Richard L. Everett
Keywords: fire ecology, fire regimes, forest restoration, ecosystems and landscapes change, succession, patterns
Source: In: Hardy, Colin C.; Arno, Stephen F., eds. The use of fire in forest restoration. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-GTR-341. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station. p. 20-23.
Year: 1996
Fire is the single most important ecological disturbance process throughout the interior Pacific Northwest (Mutch and others 1993; Agee 1994). It is also a natural process that helps maintain a diverse ecological landscape. Fire suppression and timber harvesting have drastically altered this…
Author(s): Roger D. Ottmar, Mark D. Schaaf, Ernesto Alvarado
Keywords: fire ecology, fire regimes, forest restoration, smoke considerations, forest ecosystems, interior Pacific Northwest
Source: In: Hardy, Colin C.; Arno, Stephen F., eds. The use of fire in forest restoration. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-GTR-341. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station. p. 24-25.
Year: 1996
Over the past century, policies related to the management of fire in U.S. National Parks have evolved fiom efforts to eliminate all fire to recognition of the importance of restoring and maintaining fire as a natural ecological process. Prior to their formal designation by Congress, most National…
Author(s): David J. Parsons, Stephen J. Botti
Keywords: fire ecology, fire regimes, forest restoration, U.S. National Parks, ecological process
Source: In: Hardy, Colin C.; Arno, Stephen F., eds. The use of fire in forest restoration. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-GTR-341. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station. p. 29-31.
Year: 1996
Forest Service Research Natural Areas are established to preserve examples of all significant natural ecosystems for comparison with those influenced andlor managed by humans, to provide educational and research areas for ecological and environmental studies, and to preserve gene pools for typical…
Author(s): Sarah E. Greene, Angela Evenden
Keywords: fire ecology, fire regimes, forest restoration, Forest Service Research Natural Areas, Northern Rockies, Pacific Northwest
Source: In: Hardy, Colin C.; Arno, Stephen F., eds. The use of fire in forest restoration. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-GTR-341. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station. p. 32-33.
Year: 1996
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