United States Department of Agriculture
Intensively cultured Larix eurolepis at age 9 averaged 7.6 m in height and, depending on the spacing, 2.3 to 6.4 cm in d.b.h. The total stem-branch biomass for all spacing tested (0.1 to 1.5 m2) averaged 67 mt/ha and the mean annual biomass increment 7.4 mt/ha. The "Scotch Plaid" design appears suitable for comparative studies dealing with spacing and...
Between 9 and 12 years Larix eurolepis grew annually about 1.3 m in height and 0.6 cm in diameter. In plots with 0.8 to 1.5 m(2) of growing space, total woody biomass increased from 70.1 to 98.8 mt/ha, and the mean annual biomass increment from 7.8 to 8.2 mt/ha.
Studies the effects of five cutting methods on soil and vegetative carbon after 40 years of management in a northern hardwood forest in Wisconsin.
A coppice and a first-rotation stand of hybrid poplar barely differed in biomass yields beyond age 4. Repeated harvesting of coppice stands under short rotation reduced yields.
Compares calorific values for components of nine Populus clones. The components include stem wood, stem bark, and branches. Also compares calorific values for clones of balsam poplar and black cottonwood parentages.
Phenology, the study of how plant or animal developmental stages relate to the organism's surrounding climate, is a well established discipline with roots dating back more than 2000 years (Hopp and Blair, 1973). For example, correlations are often noted between budbreak or first blossom and integrated air temperature (commonly referred to as heat sums.) The...
Describes how irrigation significantly increased growth in three Populus species and most clones during a drought year. Clonal response to drought varied within each of the species.
Effects of position in the crown on needle morphology and surface area were studied. Needle length, surface area, and dry weight increased and specific needs area decreased from the lower to the upper third of the crown.
A coppice and a first-rotatioin stand of hybrid poplar barely differed in biomass yields beyond age 4. Repeated harvesting of coppice stands under short rotation reduced yields.
Seed and litter traps are tools used by foresters and ecologists. We describe two different types of a durable trap constructed from plastic plumbing pipe, which are easily assembled/disassembled for efficient transportation and storage.
A study was established 20 years ago in northern Wisconsin to examine the minimum size of seedlings to ensure seedling survival after the overstory was removed in a red oak (Quercus rubra L.) and paper birch (Betula papyrifera Marsh.) stand. About 65 percent of the site was scarified in 1985 with a woods disc. The overstory was...