United States Department of Agriculture
Describes an equation and tables of coefficients to determine merchantable tree volume, using a digital computer, for four regions of Missouri.
Describes an inexpensive, efficient system for measuring plant-atmosphere gas exchange. Designed to measure transpiration from potted tree seedlings, it is readily adaptable for measuring other gas exchanges or gas exchange by plant parts. Light level, air and root temperature can be precisely controlled at minimum cost.
Age deviations of individual trees in even-aged oak stands in Missouri caused variations in the height growth patterns and site index estimates of these younger or older trees. A correction factor for site index estimates on these age-deviant trees is given.
This 29th annual report shows 1974 pulpwood production by county and species group in Michigan, Minnesota, and Wisconsin. Production in these three Lake States climbed to 5.5 million cords in 1974 from 4.7 million cords in 1973.
Presents the locations of instrumented fire-weather stations that record the data necessary for input into the National FIre Danger System.
Describes research on the Pine River in Michigan to determine if large increases in canoeing accelerated streambank erosion. Most erosion was natural, but people sliding and camping on streambanks created some erosion. Heavy canoe traffic was not a cause of erosion.
Prediction of black walnut height at age 25 is graphically represented for two soil-site groups. The landowner or manager can use this growth prediction to assess the productivity of yung black walnut plantations.
Shows that knife planing across the grain can be applied to most domestic hardwood species to produce a satisfactory finish knife-planed surface and flakes for particleboard.
Storage of yellow and paper birch seeds for 12 years does not appear practical but seed visibility can usually be maintained for at least 8 years, if the seeds are kept in closed containers at 36? to 40?F.
Discusses recent Iowa forest industry trends, and production of saw logs, veneer logs, pulpwood, and other roundwood products. Comments on outlook for Iowa forest industry and production and use of roundwood and primary wood-using plant wood and bark residue.
Four percent of the land area in Iowa is forested. Commercial forest land totaled 1,458,700 acres in 1974.
Tamarack trees from certain seed sources survived and gew well when planted on good upland sites in northern Wisconsin. Tamarack appears to have potential for short rotation pulpwood production in the Lake States.
An experimental technique using water extraction for evaluation of the content of ployethylene glycol of molecular weight 1,000 in wood where the ovendry weight of the untreated wood is not available was shown to be applicable for PEG-treated black oak and yellow-poplar.
After seven growing seasons, survival of black walnut seedlings planted in cleared forest openings did not differ by competition control treatments. The trees grew somewhat larger where all competing vegetation was controlled but almost as large where only herbaceous competition was controlled. Controlling only woody vegetation was no better than no control of any...
An alternative to burning is needed for clearcut peatlands where only slash disposal is required to rapidly reproduce black spruce. A 2-year trial in north-central Minnesota indicates that reproduction will be rapid after full-tree skidding on nonbrushy sites taht have well-distribted sphagnum seedbeds and ample natural seeding. Broadcast burning is still recommended...
Amount of organic matter on the forest floor under a typical southeast Missouri oak stand varies about 2.1 tons/acre from season of greatest to season to least accumulation. This also corresponds to the amount of annual litter fall. Maximum accumulation of 7.5 tons/acre occured in Novermber after leaf-fall. Summer decomposition is rapid; minimumof 5.4 tons/acre was...
Describes 5 years of prescribed burning in the North Central States from 1968 through 1972. Provides information concerning participating agencies, burned-acreage, purpose-of-burn, fuels, and weather. Also examines other aspects such as ignition and burning techniques, hours-to-complete, time of fire start, and cost-per-acre.
Describes how to compare predictions of fuel hazard for Northeastern logging slash with a number of fuel hazard "standards." This system provides objective criteria for making fuel management decisions.
The application of principal component analysis for interpretation of multivariate data sets is reviewed with emphasis on (1) reduction of the number of variables, (2) ordination of variables, and (3) applications in conjunction with multiple regression.
Includes 495 literature citations that deal with the environmental and pollution aspects of timber production, processing, and utilization; and general relations between forests and the environment.