United States Department of Agriculture
Describes and illustrates a technique to mail and store diseased leaf samples to prevent deterioration or damaage.
Describes an equation and tables of coefficients to determine merchantable tree volume, using a digital computer, for four regions of Missouri.
Compares effeects of various wee-control methods, including hericides, cultivation, and legume cover crop, on tree survival and height growth of 2-year-old hybrid poplars. Cultivation and herbicides singly or in combination gave consistently better results than the other treatment tested.
Describes the financial performance of red pine on site index 60, 70, and 80 lands by using new yield evidence and up-to-date cost and revenue assumptions. Best combinations of initial stocking, residual basal area after thinning, an rotation age are identified for two different financial criteria: soil expectation value and internal rate of return.
Herbicides of 17 different rates and formulations were oversprayed on newly planted 1-0 European larch seedlings in teh spring of 1983 at the recommended rates. Simazine, bifenox, oxyfluorfen, promamide, and oryzalin provided adequate weed control with no damage to the larch. Height growth at the end of the first growing season was one-and-a-half times greater in the...
Species coefficients are reported for predicting individual tree survival for nine Lake States species, supplementing a previous report for 10 species. Tree attributes are diameter growth rate and diameter at breast height. Regional and local performances are summarized.
In 1981 wooded strips and windbreaks in Kansas coverd 336,000 acres and were more than 54,000 miles long. Wooded strips contained 300 million board feet of sawtimber and 92 million cubic feet of growing stock.
Two study sites in central Missouri oak-hickory forests were searched for nest sites of cavity nesting birds. Researchers located and measured 133 nests of 11 species. Cavity nesting bird habitat selection is affected by both snag characteristics and vegetation structure.
Projected softwood shortages and high costs of mechanized tree planting indicate that more efficient planting equipment and systems are needed. This paper presents cost and productivity data for mechanically planting red pine seelings on a site previously occupied by hardwoods in northern Wisconsin
A model is described for estimating total and merchantable tree heights for Lake States tree species. It is intended to be used for compiling forest survey data and in conjunction with growth models for developing projections of tree product yield. Model coefficients are given for 25 species along with fit statistics. Supporting data sets are also described.
Describes an inexpensive, efficient system for measuring plant-atmosphere gas exchange. Designed to measure transpiration from potted tree seedlings, it is readily adaptable for measuring other gas exchanges or gas exchange by plant parts. Light level, air and root temperature can be precisely controlled at minimum cost.
Age deviations of individual trees in even-aged oak stands in Missouri caused variations in the height growth patterns and site index estimates of these younger or older trees. A correction factor for site index estimates on these age-deviant trees is given.
This 29th annual report shows 1974 pulpwood production by county and species group in Michigan, Minnesota, and Wisconsin. Production in these three Lake States climbed to 5.5 million cords in 1974 from 4.7 million cords in 1973.
Presents the locations of instrumented fire-weather stations that record the data necessary for input into the National FIre Danger System.
Describes research on the Pine River in Michigan to determine if large increases in canoeing accelerated streambank erosion. Most erosion was natural, but people sliding and camping on streambanks created some erosion. Heavy canoe traffic was not a cause of erosion.
Prediction of black walnut height at age 25 is graphically represented for two soil-site groups. The landowner or manager can use this growth prediction to assess the productivity of yung black walnut plantations.
The third inventory of the timber resources of Kansas shows a 1.4% increase in commercial forest area and a 42% gain in growing-stock volume between 1965 and 1981. Highlights and statistics are presented on area, volume, growth, mortality, removals, utilization and biomass.
Five site preparation treatments consisting of combinations of tillage, contact herbicide (glyphosate), and pre-emergent herbicide (linuron) were tested for their effects on tree survival and growth. Treatments had little effect on tree survival, but effects on second-year-tree height were significant and additive -- i.e., tree height increased as the number of types...
Between 9 and 12 years Larix eurolepis grew annually about 1.3 m in height and 0.6 cm in diameter. In plots with 0.8 to 1.5 m(2) of growing space, total woody biomass increased from 70.1 to 98.8 mt/ha, and the mean annual biomass increment from 7.8 to 8.2 mt/ha.
Lake States pulpwood production rose to a record 6.54 million cords in 1983. Pulpwood production is shown by county and species group in Michigan, Minnesota, and Wisconsin.