United States Department of Agriculture
Describes and illustrates a technique to mail and store diseased leaf samples to prevent deterioration or damaage.
Gives guidelines for planting and tending poplar plantations as an agricultural crop, using intensive culture and 6- to 10- year rotations.
1. Studies have shown that differences in height growth rates are characteristic of tree species that differ in understory tolerance and relative successional status. Less-tolerant species have greater juvenile height growth rates than more-tolerant species and thus, in a mixed-species forest, the former gain an early competitive advantage after a stand-initiating...
Forest development following major disturbance is thought to follow a fairly repeatable temporal pattern. An initial cohort of trees establishes relatively rapidly (stand initiation), new establishment is precluded for an extended period (stem exclusion), and finally, new individuals again begin to establish, creating new age-classes in the forest understory (...
Compares effeects of various wee-control methods, including hericides, cultivation, and legume cover crop, on tree survival and height growth of 2-year-old hybrid poplars. Cultivation and herbicides singly or in combination gave consistently better results than the other treatment tested.
Describes the financial performance of red pine on site index 60, 70, and 80 lands by using new yield evidence and up-to-date cost and revenue assumptions. Best combinations of initial stocking, residual basal area after thinning, an rotation age are identified for two different financial criteria: soil expectation value and internal rate of return.
Herbicides of 17 different rates and formulations were oversprayed on newly planted 1-0 European larch seedlings in teh spring of 1983 at the recommended rates. Simazine, bifenox, oxyfluorfen, promamide, and oryzalin provided adequate weed control with no damage to the larch. Height growth at the end of the first growing season was one-and-a-half times greater in the...
Describes how to use SYCOOR, an interactive Macintosh program written in BASIC for computing and adjusting synecological coordinates. Site synecological coordinates are indices of moisture, nutrients, heat, and light computed from lists of plant species present at the site. Graphs of a species` distribution in moisture-nutrient and heat-light space are also displayed...
Species coefficients are reported for predicting individual tree survival for nine Lake States species, supplementing a previous report for 10 species. Tree attributes are diameter growth rate and diameter at breast height. Regional and local performances are summarized.
In 1981 wooded strips and windbreaks in Kansas coverd 336,000 acres and were more than 54,000 miles long. Wooded strips contained 300 million board feet of sawtimber and 92 million cubic feet of growing stock.
Two study sites in central Missouri oak-hickory forests were searched for nest sites of cavity nesting birds. Researchers located and measured 133 nests of 11 species. Cavity nesting bird habitat selection is affected by both snag characteristics and vegetation structure.
Projected softwood shortages and high costs of mechanized tree planting indicate that more efficient planting equipment and systems are needed. This paper presents cost and productivity data for mechanically planting red pine seelings on a site previously occupied by hardwoods in northern Wisconsin
A model is described for estimating total and merchantable tree heights for Lake States tree species. It is intended to be used for compiling forest survey data and in conjunction with growth models for developing projections of tree product yield. Model coefficients are given for 25 species along with fit statistics. Supporting data sets are also described.
Presents allometric estimators relating aboveground and belowground component weights to diameter measurements of more than 2,500 trees and shrubs encompassing 35 woody species samples from 8 soil series. The estimators were only weakly related to soil character but were strongly influenced by population density variation induced by silvicultural treatment.
Proceedings of the Ninth Central Hardwood Forest Conference includes one invited paper, 39 volunteer papers, and 13 volunteer poster abstracts. Presentations encompassed forest biology, protection, silviculture, ecology, inventory, yield, economics, marketing, wildlife management, soils, and nutrition of the central hardwood forests.
The third inventory of the timber resources of Kansas shows a 1.4% increase in commercial forest area and a 42% gain in growing-stock volume between 1965 and 1981. Highlights and statistics are presented on area, volume, growth, mortality, removals, utilization and biomass.
Five site preparation treatments consisting of combinations of tillage, contact herbicide (glyphosate), and pre-emergent herbicide (linuron) were tested for their effects on tree survival and growth. Treatments had little effect on tree survival, but effects on second-year-tree height were significant and additive -- i.e., tree height increased as the number of types...
Between 9 and 12 years Larix eurolepis grew annually about 1.3 m in height and 0.6 cm in diameter. In plots with 0.8 to 1.5 m(2) of growing space, total woody biomass increased from 70.1 to 98.8 mt/ha, and the mean annual biomass increment from 7.8 to 8.2 mt/ha.
Lake States pulpwood production rose to a record 6.54 million cords in 1983. Pulpwood production is shown by county and species group in Michigan, Minnesota, and Wisconsin.
Discusses 1982 production and receipts and recent production for other years in the Lake and Central States. Shows Michigan, Minnesota, and Wisconsin production by species for each county and compares production by Forest Survey Unit with that of previous years. Presents 1982 production and receipts data for Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, and Missouri and shows four...