United States Department of Agriculture
Documents the biomass in 12 typical stands of puckerbrush and evaluates the feasibility of several potential systems to harvest these stands. Identifies areas of needed development for economically viable harvesting systems.
The second forest resource inventory of Nebraska showed a 25% decline in commercial forest area and 23% gain in growing-stock volume between 1955 and 1983.
Hundred-seed weights from 15 trees in each stand averaged 330 mg; 100-seed weights differed significantly among trees within stands and among stands. Germination of filled seed averaged 95 percent; germination differed significantly among trees within stands, but not among stands. Detailed seed records should be kept for all seed orchards.
Research evaluation is a relatively recent endeavor in forestry economics. This workshop represents most of the current and recently completed studies available in this subfield of forestry and evaluation. Also included are discussions of scientists and policymakers concerning the uses of forestry research evaluations, evaluation problems encountered, solutions...
Summarizes a series of studies that investigated chemical weed control from time of planting to the end of the second growing season. The studies confirm the importance of weed control with preemergents at the time of planting and the importance of additional weed control before the start of the second growing season.
Plants are indicators of environmental factors like moisture, nutrients, heat, and light. Semi-quantitative indices for these four factors were developed for 90 Michigan trees and shrubs. The indices and a tally of species present provide a simple evaluation of the environment of a forest stand and a useful management aid.
Timber harvests on the Superior and Chippewa National Forests in Minnesota are projected to increase substantially by 2030. The increasing demand for aspen may affect the total harvests. Both forests need to give high priority to aspen management.
A BASIC language set of programs, designed for use on microcomputers, is presented. This set of programs will perform the analysis of variance for any statistical model describing either balanced or unbalanced designs. The program computes and displays the degrees of freedom, Type I sum of squares, and the mean square for the overall model, the error, and each factor...
The fourth inventory of Wisconsin's timber resource shows that commercial forest area in the Southeast Survey Unit increased from 904 to 909 thousand acres between 1968 and 1983. During the same period growing-stock volume increased 37%. Highlights and statistics are presented on area, volume, growth, mortality, and removals.
The timber resource of the Southwest Wisconsin Survey Unit increased 29% in commercial forest area and increased 52% in growing-stock volume between 1968 and 1983. Highlights and statistics from the fourth inventory of this unit are presented for area, volume, growth, mortality, removals, utilization, and biomass.
Presents total aboveground ovendry biomass estimates by stratum and species for 13 plant community types located in northeastern Minnesota.
The timber resource of the Central Wisconsin Survey Unit increased 4.2% in commercial forest area and increased 75% in growing-stock volume between 1968 and 1983. Highlights and statistics from the fourth inventory of this unit are presented for area, volume, growth, mortality, removals, utilization, and biomass.
Glyphosate at 1.5 to 2.0 lbs. Per acre active ingredient will control aspen suckers, shrubs, and herbs when applied during August to early September. There appears to be some intersite variability in the efficacy of the herbicide.
Red pine produced significantly more volume than the other species on all five sites in the Lake States. By age 40 to 50 white spruce was second to red pine and beyond this age it is expected that these two species will increase their lead over the other especies even more.
Discusses many aspects of managing wildlife water impoundments in the western Great Lakes region. Political and biological justification, where and how to build impoundments, water-level management options, vegetation, water quality, invertebrate populations, and research needs are all considered.
This bulletin contains the results of a detailed study of 1983 fuelwood production and sources in Illinois.
Describes the data collected by the Forest Inventory and Analysis (FIA) Research Work Unit at the North Central Forest Experiment Station. Explains how interested parties may obtain information from the databases either through direct access or by special requests to the FIA database manager.
Young Jack pine exposed to water stress produced several times more female strobili than trees watered regularly. The timing and duration of the treatments was important.
Five species of grass, one sedge, and cattail were grown on a peat-sand filter bed irrigated with sewage effluent. Yields, uptake of nitrogen and phosphorus, and lodging problems were determined for all species when grown to various heights ranging from 5 to 75 cm.
Describes a testing procedure used to calibrate and evaluate agricultureal boomless spray systems. Tests allow the user to obtain dependable and satisfactory results when used in actual forest situations.