United States Department of Agriculture
Reports the results of a survey of operational prescribed burns in the Lake States during 1970.
This study examined the effect of clustering timber harvest zones and of changing the land use categories of zones (dynamic zoning) over varying temporal and spatial scales. Focusing on the Hoosier National Forest (HNF) in Indiana, USA as a study area, I used a timber harvest allocation model to simulate four management alternatives. In the static zoning alternative,...
Overstories left after aspen-mixed hardwood stands are logged can be controlled with aerially applied herbicides without endangering aspen suckers.
Reports the results of a survey of operational prescribed burns in Minnesota and Wisconsin during 1969.
Summarizes the best available seed source recommendations for the major species used in planting programs in Minnesota, Wisconsin, and Michigan
Reviews status of Neotropical migratory landbirds, and effects of land-use practices in the Midwestern United States, from a landscape perspective, through a series of papers authored by regional experts. Includes recommendations for the conservation of Midwestern Neotropical migratory landbirds.
This bulletin reports findings of a survey of all primary wood-using mills in Iowa in 1994.
Cultivation, atrazine, and simazine were used for weed control 1, 2, and 3 years following planting of black walnut in Iowa and Indiana. In Iowa, 2 or more years of weed control resulted in the best seedling growth, but in Indiana 3 years proved best. Method of weed control had no significant effect on seedling growth in Iowa, but chemical control resulted in better...
The fifth forest inventory of Michigan's forest reports 36.4 million acres of land, of which 19.3 million acres are forested. This bulletin presents statistical highlights and contains detailed tables of forest area, as well as timber volume, growth, removals, mortality, and biomass.
The third measurement of Iowa?s forests was completed in 1990 by the North Central Forest Experiment Station and the Iowa Department of Natural Resources (Brand and Walkowiak 1991). The inventory found that black walnut trees are common in the forests of Iowa. Two out of every hundred trees in the State are black walnuts. To accomplish the inventory, more than 12,769...
Production of high-quality hardwoods is important in Ohio and black walnut ranks as one of the most valuable tree species in the State along with cherry, white and red oak, and ash. Ohio has more walnut growing stock volume than any other state, according to the most recently completed forest inventories in the East. The fourth and most recent measurement of Ohio?s...
Investigates the effects of site preparation on tamarack regeneration. Site preparation treatments used were broadcast burning, full-tree skidding and full-tree skidding with subsequent burning. Reports the effects of these site preparations on distribution and quality of seedbed types as well as density and initial growth of seedlings.
Documents the forces required to delimb hardwoods as a functional of knife parameters, and identifies opportunities to reduce forces and increase productivity of machines using delimbing knives.
Ten-year-old eastern white pine trees from southern Appalachian sources growing in southern Illinois and southern Indiana are taller and have fewer branches for their size than trees from other sources. In a northeastern Iowa plantation, the "best" seed source is not yet apparent.
Basal-area growth, board-foot growth, and total board-foot production increase with residual stand densities ranging from 80 to 140 square feet per acre.
The potential damage of the Saratoga spittlebug to red pine can be predicted by comparing the percentage of ground occupied by sweet-fern with the percentage of ground cover occupied by other nymphal host plants. A risk-rating graph is used to estimate potential damage.
Summarizes information on: (1) soil-site relations; (2) associated vegetation; (3) methods and requirements for reproduction; (4) stand development; (5) yield and 10-year net growth; (6) damaging agents. A key to recommended management practices is given for pulpwood and Christmas tree stands, and requirements for successful broadcast burning are included.
Presents site-index comparisons for the following forest species in northern Minnesota: quaking aspen, paper birch, basswood, red oak, black ash, jack pine, red pine, white pine, white spruce, black spruce, balsam fir, white-cedar, and tamarack. Shows site-index relationships among these species by using site-index ratios and species-comparison graphs.
Describes virgin plant communities in the Boundary Waters Canoe Area. Data from all vegetative components of 106 virgin upland stands were used to construct a community classification through a combination of agglomerative clustering and principal components analysis. Discusses the relation of communities to their environment and to past wildfires.
From a study of campground use in 1967 and 1968 relationships were determined between the intensity of use and 74 onsite and location characteristics. Campers were interviewed to learn what factors influenced their choice of a particular campground. Recommendations to management and topics for further research are discussed.