United States Department of Agriculture
Contains 17 papers summarizing up to 5 years of recent study on insect and disease problems of black walnut and butternut given at a workshop sponsored by the USDA Forest Service's North Central Forest Experiment Station and held in Carbondale, Illinois, June 13 and 14, 1978.
This study examined the effect of clustering timber harvest zones and of changing the land use categories of zones (dynamic zoning) over varying temporal and spatial scales. Focusing on the Hoosier National Forest (HNF) in Indiana, USA as a study area, I used a timber harvest allocation model to simulate four management alternatives. In the static zoning alternative,...
Reviews status of Neotropical migratory landbirds, and effects of land-use practices in the Midwestern United States, from a landscape perspective, through a series of papers authored by regional experts. Includes recommendations for the conservation of Midwestern Neotropical migratory landbirds.
This bulletin reports findings of a survey of all primary wood-using mills in Iowa in 1994.
Contains 26 papers that present the state-of-the-art of nongame bird research and management in the northeastern United States.
Presents equations for estimating biomass and woody size class distributions for shrubs and small trees (<2.5 cm d.b.h.) of 17 northeastern Minnesota species. Relations between stem diameter at 15 cm above ground and plant height, crown length, and stem diameter at ground are also given.
The fifth forest inventory of Michigan's forest reports 36.4 million acres of land, of which 19.3 million acres are forested. This bulletin presents statistical highlights and contains detailed tables of forest area, as well as timber volume, growth, removals, mortality, and biomass.
Discusses Minnesota saw log and pulpwood logging utilization factors developed during 1975-1976 and their implications. Compares factors for several species groups and shows their use in estimating growing stock cut for pulpwood and saw logs.
Discusses recent Minnesota forest industry trends; timber removals for industrial roundwood in 1973; production and receipts in 1973 of pulpwood, saw logs, and other industrial roundwood products. Shows trends in pulpwood and veneer log production and compares saw log production in 1960 and 1973. Discusses primary wood-using mill residue and its disposition.
Discusses 1977 pulpwood production and receipts and recent production in the Lake States and Central States. Shows pulpwood production in the Lake States (Michigan, Minnesota, and Wisconsin) by species for each county and compares production by Forest Survey Unit with that of previous years. Presents 1977 pulpwood production and receipts data by state for Central...
The volume of timber harvested from Minnesota tax-forfeited land increased from about 145,000 cord equivalents in 1960 to 235,000 cord equivalents in 1975. Actual prices paid for stumpage decreased slightly in the 1960's and increased in the 1970's. However, in deflated dollars, stumpage prices decreased slightly throughout the period.
The third measurement of Iowa?s forests was completed in 1990 by the North Central Forest Experiment Station and the Iowa Department of Natural Resources (Brand and Walkowiak 1991). The inventory found that black walnut trees are common in the forests of Iowa. Two out of every hundred trees in the State are black walnuts. To accomplish the inventory, more than 12,769...
Production of high-quality hardwoods is important in Ohio and black walnut ranks as one of the most valuable tree species in the State along with cherry, white and red oak, and ash. Ohio has more walnut growing stock volume than any other state, according to the most recently completed forest inventories in the East. The fourth and most recent measurement of Ohio?s...
A collection of 12 papers describing the need, design, calibration database, potential diameter growth function, crown ratio, modifier, and mortality functions, as well as a diameter growth allocation rule, management algorithms, computer program, tests, and Lake State climate during calibration.
Investigates the effects of site preparation on tamarack regeneration. Site preparation treatments used were broadcast burning, full-tree skidding and full-tree skidding with subsequent burning. Reports the effects of these site preparations on distribution and quality of seedbed types as well as density and initial growth of seedlings.
Examination of black walnut seedlings grown in forest and field soils showed all root systems were infected with mycorrhizae; the amount of infection was influenced by treatments. Mean height and dry weight of tops and roots were greater for seedlings grown in forest than field soil. Seedling height growth was not increased by disturbing either soil; but, root dry...
Documents the forces required to delimb hardwoods as a functional of knife parameters, and identifies opportunities to reduce forces and increase productivity of machines using delimbing knives.
Quantifies the effect of spacing on branch diameter, number of branches, and knot surface in a red pine plantation
Presents 18 papers concerning recent research in forest genetics, physiology, and allied fields. Species groups discussed include pine, spruce, and birch.
Nests were built in five species of high shrubs in four trembling aspen forests of northern Minnesoa. Nest densities ranged between 0.5 and 3.0 per acre and were positively related to the abundance3 of large (>1.2-cm diameter) shrub stems.