United States Department of Agriculture
Illustrates 26 bird habitats occurring in the Ozarks.
Quaking aspen clones expanded over more area, and regenerated greater sucker stem densities and biomass than did bigtooth aspen clones. However, sucker height growth was similar between the two species.
Available information on year-round food habits of white-tailed deer in the Upper Great Lakes Region (UGLR) is summarized. Problems of deer in that region are discussed. There is a need for additional information on year-round diet, but new study techniques must be developed if a complete picture of diet is to be obtained.
Fertilization of poor site black spruce on organic soil with various rates of nitrogen and phosphorus increased height and diameter growth from 2 to 4 times. The growth response declined with time but was still apparent 16 years after fertilization. Shrub biomass and coverage, and nutrient levels of spruce foliage were strongly affected by fertilization.
This study examined the effect of clustering timber harvest zones and of changing the land use categories of zones (dynamic zoning) over varying temporal and spatial scales. Focusing on the Hoosier National Forest (HNF) in Indiana, USA as a study area, I used a timber harvest allocation model to simulate four management alternatives. In the static zoning alternative,...
Analyzes previous visits to a forest and the associated experiences, as well as the expectations of those who had not previously visited a forest. Recommends educational programs that focus on the urban forest.
Presents findings from a study in Michigan's Upper Peninsula to evaluate the effectiveness of unstaffed trail registration stations to obtain recreation use information. Two registration approaches were evaluated: (1) self-issued voluntary registration form, and (2) self-issued mandatory registration form. The paper also cites factors influencing registration...
Reviews opportunities for treatment of timber stands in Minnesota for the decade of 1977-1986. Under the assumptions and management guides specified, 27% of Minnesota's commercial forest land would require timber harvest or some other form of treatment during the decade.
Reviews status of Neotropical migratory landbirds, and effects of land-use practices in the Midwestern United States, from a landscape perspective, through a series of papers authored by regional experts. Includes recommendations for the conservation of Midwestern Neotropical migratory landbirds.
This bulletin reports findings of a survey of all primary wood-using mills in Iowa in 1994.
Insolation measured with a precision spectral pyranometer, was recorded near Carterville, Illinois, for 1 year. the pyranometer was tilted at an angle of 25 degrees in summer, 50 degrees in winter, and 37.5 degrees in spring and fall. the insolation measured in winter was found to be significantly larger than the insolation estimated on a horizontal surface.
Live tree biomass estimates are presented for five counties of northeastern Minnesota. Tree biomass is given in green tons for forest types and species groups.
Several methods of calculating machine rates, costs, and productivity for both single pieces of logging equipment and for logging systems are discussed.
Shoot growth and survival of container-grown and 1-0 bare-root English oak (Quercus robur L.) seedlings are reported for a 3-year period after planting in a clearcut. Effects of mulching with black polyethylene are also reported.
Presents information for black walnut seedlings on storage chilling requirement, fall lifting for overwinter storage, spring lifting, planting times, use of root regeneration potential (RRP) to assess physiological quality of planting stock, and relation between RRP at planting and field performance.
The fifth forest inventory of Michigan's forest reports 36.4 million acres of land, of which 19.3 million acres are forested. This bulletin presents statistical highlights and contains detailed tables of forest area, as well as timber volume, growth, removals, mortality, and biomass.
The third measurement of Iowa?s forests was completed in 1990 by the North Central Forest Experiment Station and the Iowa Department of Natural Resources (Brand and Walkowiak 1991). The inventory found that black walnut trees are common in the forests of Iowa. Two out of every hundred trees in the State are black walnuts. To accomplish the inventory, more than 12,769...
Production of high-quality hardwoods is important in Ohio and black walnut ranks as one of the most valuable tree species in the State along with cherry, white and red oak, and ash. Ohio has more walnut growing stock volume than any other state, according to the most recently completed forest inventories in the East. The fourth and most recent measurement of Ohio?s...
Describes an analysis of initial density and subsequent thinning options for red pine (Pinus resinosa Ait.) plantations in the Lake States. Results showed that the initial number of established trees per acres has a major impact on the amount and quality of timber product yields, with 200 trees per acre (500/ha) thinned to 120 square feet of basal area per acre (27.5...
Investigates the effects of site preparation on tamarack regeneration. Site preparation treatments used were broadcast burning, full-tree skidding and full-tree skidding with subsequent burning. Reports the effects of these site preparations on distribution and quality of seedbed types as well as density and initial growth of seedlings.