United States Department of Agriculture
Describes the financial performance of red pine on site index 60, 70, and 80 lands by using new yield evidence and up-to-date cost and revenue assumptions. Best combinations of initial stocking, residual basal area after thinning, an rotation age are identified for two different financial criteria: soil expectation value and internal rate of return.
Height growth was determined by stem analysis for red pine in 12 natural and 10 planted stands on well-drained, fine textured soils. Growth closely followed the Gervorkiantz site index curves. When calculating site index, an age adjustment is desirable if the trees take longer than 8 years to attain breast height.
A continuous-furrow, bareroot-stock, mechanical planter was used to plant red pine tree seedlings on five sites in northern Michigan. Several indicators of planting efficiency were analyzed including utilization of the available land area, productivity as related to site conditions and planting pattern, cost, and effectiveness of the V-blade.
Presents and summarizes the green weights and volumes of trees, boles and residue for sugar maple, white spruce, aspen, balsam fir and red pine in Northern Michigan. Equations, tables and graphs are included for each of the five species.
In a 1964-1967 study on the Challenge Experimental Forest, seedfall was evaluated in 2-, 5-, and 10-acre circular clearcuttings. During the 4 years, 10 seed crops, ranging from light to bumper, were produced by ponderosa pine. white fir, Douglas-fir, and incense cedar. Seedfall ranged from 76 to 40,691 sound seed per acre (188 to lOO,547/ha) for a single species in a...