The author would like to thank the many scientists whose research was used in the synthesis of this guide. Collectively, their work provides an invaluable scientific foundation for protecting and improving the health and vitality of the places we live.

Special recognition is extended to Mike Dosskey, USDA National Agroforestry Center (NAC), who developed the Buffer Width Tool and assisted with the development of other guidelines on water quality.

The author is also deeply indebted to his many colleagues at NAC whose input and feedback significantly enhanced this project as well as to the Southern Research Station Science and Delivery Team for their assistance and editorial review.

The author wishes to acknowledge the many individuals whose technical reviews substantially improved the quality of this guide:

Lynn Betts, USDA NRCS, Des Moines, IA
Bill Berry, Buffer Notes, Stevens Point, WI
Jim Carlson, New Castle, CO
William Clark, Iowa State University, Ames, IA
Robert Corry, University of Guelph, Guelph , ON, Canada
Mary Cressel, USDA NRCS, Washington, DC
Barth Crouch, Pheasants Forever, Salina, KS
Seth Dabney, USDA ARS, Oxford, MS
Richard T.T. Forman, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA
Wendell Gilgert, USDA NRCS, Portland, OR
Hank Henry, USDA NRCS, Greensboro, NC
George Hess, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC
Jerry Jasmer, USDA NRCS, Casper, WY
Craig Johnson, Utah State University, Logan, UT
Richard Kittelson, Northeast Iowa RC&D, Postville, IA
John Kort, PFRA Shelterbelt Centre, Indian Head, SK, Canada
Mike Kucera, USDA NRCS, Lincoln, NE
Jerry Lemunyon, USDA NRCS, Fort Worth, TX
Rich Lewis, NY Soil & Water Conservation Committee, Albany, NY
Greg McPherson, USDA USFS, Davis, CA
Fabian Menalled, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT
Roberta Moltzen, USDA NRCS, Des Moines, IA
Judy Okay, USDA USFS, Annapolis, MD
Jennifer Ousley, U.S. EPA, Kansas City, KS
Jim Robinson, USDA NRCS, Fort Worth, TX
Dick Rol, Foothill Associates, San Diego, CA
Max Schnepf, Soil and Water Conservation Society, Ankeny, IA
Richard Sutton, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE
Bern Sweeney, Stroud Water Research Center, Avondale, PA
Mark Tomer, USDA ARS, Ames, IA
Lyn Townsend, USDA NRCS, Portland, OR
Doug Wallace, USDA NRCS, Columbia, MO

Funding for this research was provided in part by the University of Missouri Center for Agroforestry under cooperative agreements AG-02100251 with the USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS) and CR-826704-01-0 with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). The information provided here is the sole responsibility of the author and may not represent the policies or positions of the ARS or EPA.

Funds to assist with printing were provided by:

  • USDA Forest Service Region 2 State and Private Forestry
  • USDA Forest Service Region 8 State and Private Forestry
  • USDA NAC State and Private Forestry
  • USDA NRCS Science and Technology - Agroforestry

All photos are courtesy of the USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. All illustrations were created by the author except for the photo illustration on page 4 provided by Ryan Dee.