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    Author(s): Emile S. Gardiner; Jimmie L. Yeiser
    Date: 1999
    Source: Paper presented at the Tenth Biennial Southern Silvicultural Research Conference, Shreveport, LA, February 18-18, 1999
    Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
    PDF: View PDF  (188 KB)

    Description

    Advance regeneration is frequently inadequate to sufficiently restock the oak component of many bottomland stands, especially on productive sites with high levels of competition. We initiated a study near Beime, AR to examine the effects of pre-plant control of Japanese honeysuckle (Lonicera japonica Thunberg) and seedling quality on establishment success and vigor of oak reproduction beneath a partial canopy. Nine, 2-acre plots were delineated in the stand that was harvested to a residual stocking level of 30 percent in the fall of 1996. Honeysuckle pre-plant control treatments randomly applied to the nine plots were an Escort application in the spring of 1997, an Escort application in the late summer of 1997, and a control (no herbicide application). In 1998, 1-0 cherrybark oak (Quercus pagoda Raf.) seedlings were planted at a 12ft x 12ft spacing in each treatment plot. One-half of each treatment plot received seedlings with four or more lateral roots >0.04 in. diameter, while the other half of each plot received seedlings with fewer than four lateral roots > 0.04 in. The spring application of Escort provided effective control against Japanese honeysuckle, thereby producing potentially promising conditions for oak seedling growth and development. First-year seedling survival and growth did not respond to honeysuckle control treatments. Survival was not related to seedling quality, and first-year differences in seedling size were attributed to initial size differences in stock types.

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    Citation

    Gardiner, Emile S.; Yeiser, Jimmie L. 1999. Establishment and Growth of Cherrybark Oak Seedlings Underplanted Beneath a Partial Overstory in a Minor Bottom of Southwestern Arkansas: First Year Results. Paper presented at the Tenth Biennial Southern Silvicultural Research Conference, Shreveport, LA, February 18-18, 1999

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