Bird check list

Red-winged Blackbird photo taken by Virginia Dept. of Game and Inland Fisheries.

Approximately 175 species of birds breed, winter or migrate through George Washington and Jefferson National Forests. Among these species you will find northern cardinal, eastern bluebird, ruby-throated hummingbird, or peregrine falcon.

For more information on Virginia's Birding and Wildlife Trails visit the Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries Website.

Bird Species list 

 
Duck-like Birds
Upright-Perching Water Birds
Long-legged Waders
Hawk-like Birds
Upland Ground Birds
Sandpiper-like Birds
Pigeon-like Birds
Gull-like Birds
Owls
Swallow-like Birds
Perching Birds
Tree-clinging Birds

Key
Breed = B
Winter = W
Resident = R
Migration = M
Casual = C

Duck-like Birds:

___  Common Loon (W)

 ___  Red-necked Grebe (W)

___  Horned Grebe (W)

___  Pied-billed Grebe (W)

___  Canada Goose (R)

___  Mallard (R)

___  American Black Duck (B)

___  Gadwall (W)

___  Northern Pintail (W)

___  Green-winged Teal (W)

___  Blue-Winged Teal (W)

___  American Wigeon (W)

___  Northern Shoveler (W)

___  Wood Duck (R)

___  Redhead (W)

___  Ring-necked Duck (W)

___  Canvasback (W)

___  Greater Scaup (W)

___  Lesser Scaup (W)

___  Common Goldeneye (W)

___  Bufflehead (W)

___  Oldsquaw (W)

___  Common Merganser (W)

___  Red-breasted Merganser (W)

___  Ruddy Duck (W)

___  American Coot  (W)

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Upright Perching Water Birds:

 ___  Double-crested Cormorant (W)

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Long-Legged Waders:

__  Great Blue Heron (R)

___  Green-backed Heron (R)

___  Black-crowned Night Heron (R)

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Bald Eagle photo taken by Virginia Department Game and Inland Fisheries.

Hawk-like Birds:

 ___  Turkey Vulture (R)

___  Black Vulture (R)

 ___  Osprey (R)

___  Sharp-shinned Hawk (B)

___  Cooper's Hawk (B)

___  Red-tailed Hawk (R)

___  Red-shouldered Hawk (B)

___  Broad-winged Hawk (B)

___  Rough-legged Hawk (W)

___  Golden Eagle (R)

___  Bald Eagle (R)

___  Northern Harrier (Marsh Hawk) (W)

 ___  Peregrine Falcon (R)

___  American Kestrel (R)

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Upland Ground Birds:

 ___  Ruffed Grouse (R)

___  Northern Bobwhite (R)

___  Ring-necked Pheasant (C)

___  Wild Turkey (R)

___  Whip-poor-will (B)

___  Common Nighthawk (B)

___  Chuck-wills-widow (B)

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Killdeer photo taken by Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries.

Sandpiper-Like Birds:

___  Killdeer (R)

___  Upland Sandpiper (B)

___  Greater Yellowlegs (M)

___  Lesser Yellowlegs (M)

___  Solitary Sandpiper (M)

___  Spotted Sandpiper (M)

___  American Woodcock (R)

___  Common Snipe (M)

___  Least Sandpiper (M)

___  Pectoral Sandpiper (M)

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Gull-like Birds:

 ___  Herring Gull (W)

___  Ring-billed Gull (W)

___  Bonaparte's Gull (W)

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Pigeon-like Birds:

 ___  Rock Dove (R)

___  Mouring Dove (R)

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Great Horned Owl photo taken by Virginia Dept. of Game and Inland Fisheries.

Owls:

 ___  Common Barn Owl (R)

___  Eastern Screech Owl (R)

___  Great Horned Owl (R)

___  Barred Owl (R)

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Swallow-like Birds:

 ___  Chimney Swift (B)

 ___  Tree Swallow (B)

___  Bank Swallow (B)

___  Northern Rough-winged Swallow (B)

___  Barn Swallow (B)

___  Cliff Swallow (B)

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Perching Birds:

 ___  Ruby-throated Hummingbird (B)

 ___  Yellow-billed Cuckoo (B)

___  Black-billed Cuckoo (B)

 ___  Belted Kingfisher (R)

___  Eastern Kingbird (B)

___  Great Crested Flycatcher (B)

___  Yellow-bellied Flycatcher (B)

___  Acadian Flycatcher (B)

___  Least Flycatcher (B)

___  Olive-sided Flycatcher (B)

___  Eastern Phoebe (B)

___  Eastern Wood-Pewee (B)

 ___  Horned Lark (B)

___  Purple Martin (B)

 ___  Blue Jay (R)

___  Northern Raven (R)

___  American Crow (R)

___  Fish Crow (W)

 ___  Black-capped Chickadee (R)

___  Carolina Chickadee (R)

___  Tufted Titmouse (R)

 ___  White-breasted Nuthatch (R)

___  Red-breasted Nuthatch (R)

 ___  Brown Creeper (R)

 ___  House Wren (R)

___  Winter Wren (R)

___  Carolina Wren (R)

___ Golden-crowned Kinglet (R)

___  Ruby-crowned Kinglet (R)

___Blue-gray Gnatcatcher  (B)

___  American Robin (R)

___  Wood Thrush (B)

___  Hermit Thrush (R) Top

___  Swainson's Thrush (R)

___  Grey-cheeked Thrush (M)

___  Veery (R)

___  Eastern Bluebird (R)

___  Northern Mockingbird (R)

___  Grey Catbird (B)

___  Brown Thrasher (B)

 ___  Water Pipit (M)

 ___  Cedar Waxwing (R)

  ___  Loggerhead Shrike (R)

 ___  European Starling (R)

 ___  White-eyed Vireo (B)

___  Yellow-throated Vireo (B)

___  Solitary Vireo (B)

___  Red-eyed vireo (B)

___  Warbling Vireo (B)

 ___  Black-and-White Warbler (B)

___  Prothonotary Warbler (B) Top

___  Swainson's Warbler (B)

___  Worm-eating Warbler (B)

___  Golden-winged Warbler (B)

___  Blue-winged Warbler (B)

___  Tennessee Warbler (M)

___  Orange-crowned Warbler (M)

___  Nashville Warbler (M)

___  Yellow Warbler (B)

___  Magnolia Warbler (B)

___  Cape May Warbler (M)

___  Black-throated Green Warbler (B)

___  Yellow-rumped Warbler (W)

___  Black-throated Blue Warbler (B)

___  Cerulean Warbler (B)

___  Blackburnian Warbler (B)

___  Chestnut-sided Warbler (B)

___  Bay-breasted Warbler(M)

___  Blackpoll Warbler (M) Top

___  Pine Warbler (R)

___  Prairie Warbler (B)

___  Palm Warbler (M)

___  Ovenbird (B)

___  Northern Waterthrush (B)

___  Louisiana Waterthrush (B)

___  Kentucky Warbler (B)

___  Mourning Warbler (B)

___  Common Yellowthroat (B)

___  Hooded Warbler (B)

___  Wilson's Warbler (M)

___  Canada Warbler (B)

___  American Redstart (B)

___  Yellow-breasted Chat (B)

 ___  Scarlet Tanager (B)

 ___  Northern Cardinal (R)

___  Rose-breasted Grosbeak (B) Top

___  Blue Grosbeak (B)

___  Indigo Bunting (B)

___  Dickcissel (B)

 ___  Rufous-sided Towhee (R)

___  Savannah Sparrow (B)

___  Grasshopper Sparrow (B)

___  Vesper Sparrow (B)

___  Dark-eyed Junco (R)

___  American Tree Sparrow (B)

___  Chipping Sparrow (B)

___  Field Sparrow (R)

___  White-crowned Sparrow (W)

___  White-throated Sparrow (W)

___  Fox Sparrow (W)

___  Lincoln's Sparrow (W)

___  Swamp Sparrow (B) Top

___  Song Sparrow (B)

___  Snow Bunting (W)

___  Bobolink (B)

___  Eastern Meadowlark (R)

___  Red-winged Blackbird (B)

___  Orchard Oriole (B)

___  Northern Oriole (B)

___  Rusty Blackbird (W)

___  Common Grackle (R)

___  Brown-headed Cowbird (R)

 ___  Evening Grosbeak (B)

___  Purple Finch (R)

___  House Finch (R)

___  Common Redpoll (W)

___  Pine Siskin (W)

___  American Goldfinch (R)

___  Red Crossbill (R)

 ___  House Sparrow (R)

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 Pileated Woodpecker photo taken by Virginia Dept. of Game and Inland Fisheries.

Tree-clinging Birds:

 ___  Northern Flicker (R)

___  Pileated Woodpecker (R)

___  Red-bellied Woodpecker (R)

___  Yellow-bellied Sapsucker (R)

___  Hairy Woodpecker (R)

___  Downy Woodpecker (R)

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