Over 500 tribal entities have been formally recognized and are federally acknowledged to have a government-to-government relationship with the United States. They are independent, autonomous political entities possessing sovereignty and are equivalent to national governments.
There are currently no federally-recognized tribes within the state of Illinois ( Indian Entities Recognized and Eligible To Receive Services From the United States Bureau of Indian Affairs, Federal Register, August 11, 2009, pp 40218-40223).
The Forest Service does maintain a relationship, however, with seven tribes that historically resided in the area of the Midewin National Tallgrass Prairie and were removed to western states by the U.S. Government in the 1800s. Midewin regularly seeks to consult and communicate with the following tribes:
Citizen Potawatomi Nation (CPN), Shawnee, OK: At the height of the Fur Trading Era that spanned an entire century, the Potawatomi controlled a tribal estate that encompassed Wisconsin, Michigan, Illinois, Indiana, and a small portion of Ohio or over 5 million acres. By 1800, tribal villages were displaced by white settlements and pushed farther and farther to the outskirts of the Potawatomi tribal estate. It was during the Removal Period of the 1830s that the Mission Band (today known as the Citizen Band) of Potawatomi were forced to leave their homelands in the Wabash River Valley of Indiana. (Excerpted from: www.potawatomi.org/Culture/History/default.aspx)
Prairie Band Potawatomi Nation ,
Hannahville Indian Community, Wilson, MI: The people of Hannahville are descendents of those who refused to leave Michigan in 1834 during the great Indian Removal. The current location was found in 1884 under the direction of Methodist Missionary, Peter Marksman. Today, Hannahville is a growing and diverse community located in the heart of Michigan’s Upper Peninsula. With the introduction of gaming in the 1980’s, the tribe has grown tremendously from a fledging, struggling community subsisting on minimal federally funded dollars to a growing and prospering community that is becoming a key driving force for the entire Central Upper Peninsula. The Tribe is very proud of its accomplishments and looks forward to many years of continued partnerships with the local communities.
Kickapoo Tribe of