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Publication Details

Data from monitoring inter-group encounters at the Alpine Lakes Wilderness in 1991
Watson, Alan E.; Cronn, Rich; Christensen, Neal A.
Publication Year:
How to Cite:
These data were collected using funding from the U.S. Government and can be used without additional permissions or fees. If you use these data in a publication, presentation, or other research product please use the following citation:
Watson, Alan E.; Cronn, Rich; Christensen, Neal A. 2018. Data from monitoring inter-group encounters at the Alpine Lakes Wilderness in 1991. Fort Collins, CO: Forest Service Research Data Archive.
Many managers face the challenge of monitoring rates of visitor encounters in wilderness. This study, conducted in 1991 at Alpine Lakes Wilderness in Washington State: (1) provides estimates of encounter rates through use of several monitoring methods, (2) determines the relationship between the various measures of encounter rates, and (3) determines the relationship between various indirect predictors of encounter rates and actual encounter rates. In order to develop a better understanding of the relationship between these various monitoring methods, this study used exit surveys, trip diaries, wilderness ranger observations, trained observers, mechanical counters, trailhead count observations, and parking lot vehicle counts. This data publication includes the data associated with this study, which found that encounter rates differed dramatically from weekdays to weekend days at high-use places studied. Estimates of encounter rates also varied substantially across methods used. Rather than conclude what method is best, this report seeks to help the manager decide which method is most appropriate for use in a particular wilderness, given the issues being addressed. It should also help alleviate some of the problems managers have in prescribing monitoring systems, by forcing more precise definition of indicators.

visitors; visitor experience; encounters; solitude; encounter rates; management; management planning; wilderness use; environment; inlandWaters; location; society; Environment and People; Forest & Plant Health; Inventory, Monitoring, & Analysis; Natural Resource Management & Use; Washington; Mt. Baker-Snoqualmie; Wenatchee National Forest; Alpine Lakes Wilderness; Snow Lake; Gem Lake; Rachel Lake; Ramparts Lake
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