Plants & Animals

Six burrowing owls looking at the camera in a field of grassPeople from everywhere know the state of California as a place of natural riches. The diverse habitats found in the Region harbor an abundance of wildlife, fish and rare plant resources.

Habitat enhancement projects and efforts to recover and conserve threatened, endangered and sensitive species enrich the recreational experiences of visitors to the National Forests and Grasslands.

Botany and Rare Plants

Many plant species of the California’s are found here and nowhere else in the world. Throughout its history, the Forest Service Pacific Southwest Region’s Botany and Rare Plants Program has relied on botanical skills and expertise to provide the public many benefits from the 18 national forests in California. Botany is a key discipline that contributes broadly to ecosystem conservation, protection, and management by providing a sound scientific approach to the conservation of plant biodiversity. A primary focus is on evaluating forest projects, conducting surveys and effects analyses for projects on the forests for threatened, endangered, and sensitive plant species and their habitats.


closeup of Coast Polypody leafThe Region 5 Ecology Program provides products and expertise fundamental to sustainable, science-based, multiple-use land management in the Pacific Southwest. The Program's principal purpose is to ensure and enable the application of current ecological science to land and resource management on the National Forests in California.


The Fisheries Program Vision is to conserve and restore the health, biodiversity, and productivity of aquatic resources and aquatic habitats on the national forests in California for present and future generations.


Image of creek in foreground, with large boulders, and shrubs in the backgroundThe Wildlife Program assists field biologists in attaining the Region’s wildlife priorities to manage wildlife habitat resources from a healthy ecosystem perspective. The Wildlife Program covers terrestrial animal species not considered 'threatened, endangered or sensitive' species (TES). We have a specific TES program for species with this designation. The Wildlife Program includes various Get Wild! partnerships to assist in 1) administering wildlife management activities to protect and restore native habitats important for conserving biodiversity; 2) managing habitats in a manner that meets public demand for hunting and wildlife viewing and appreciation; and 3) to assure a well-trained work force and effective organizational structure for applying best science and management in meeting the wildlife-related goals of the Agency.


2012 Annual Report on the Monitoring of Aquatic Management Indicator Species (MIS) in the National Forests of the Sierra Nevada Province: 2009 - 2012

This annual report summarizes the monitoring of aquatic Management Indicator Species (MIS) on the national forests of the Sierra Nevada Province (Eldorado, Inyo, Lassen, Modoc, Plumas, Sequoia, Sierra, Stanislaus, and Tahoe national forests and the Lake Tahoe Basin Management Unit).