Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Dot gov

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.


Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you've safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Osage-orange (Maclura pomifera)

Model Reliability: Medium

Current Forest Inventory and Analysis under Current Conditions
Current Forest Inventory and Analysis under Current Conditions
HQCL Legend Help
Importance Value
GCM SCENARIO % Area Occ Ave IV Sum IV Future/Current IV

Regional Summary Tree Tables

 Cautions  Model Info  FAQ

 Interpretation Guide

Osage orange is an odd species in that it was planted heavily for natural hedges, and has now become naturalized across much of the central latitudes of the eastern US (5.8% of area), even though Little only mapped its range in a small section of Texas-Oklahoma. Its medium reliable model shows an increase of suitable habitat northward, especially under high emissions (though still classed as 'No change') in the central latitudes. However, the SHIFT model limits those northern locations from being naturally colonized within 100 years, though a fairly large northward expansion has some possibility. Because of its high adaptability and commonness, it scores a good for its capacity to cope with a changing climate, and SHIFT also classes it as a highly suitable species for planting, if desired.

Family:  Moraceae

Guild: opportunistic, dispersal limited (large-seeded)

Functional Lifeform: small deciduous tree

6.3 2.32
0.33 Model Reliability Medium

What traits will impact Osage-orange's ability to adapt to climate change, and in what way?:

 Primary Positive Traits

Environment habitat specificity Edaphic specificity

 Primary Negative Traits

Search or Browse the Atlas