Nature & Science

Geese on the NFJD RiverAbout 34 inches of precipitation falls on the Umatilla National Forest each year, producing over 800 billion gallons of water that flows from five major river basins: the John Day River, Grande Ronde River, Umatilla-Willow Creek, and the Walla Walla and Lower Snake Rivers. The Forest's streams, rivers, and lakes provide fish and wildlife habitat, and water for surrounding communities as well as for agricultural, grazing, and recreational purposes.

Maintaining fish and wildlife habitat is an important part of our multiple-use management job. The Umatilla National Forest supports 324 species of fish and wildlife including one of the largest herds of Rocky Mountain elk in the nation. There are also large herds of mule and white-tailed deer which help draw over 20,000 hunters to the Umatilla National Forest for their annual big game hunt.

Rocky Mountain bighorn sheep can be found in the Wenaha-Tucannon Wilderness and a small population of California bighorn sheep can be found in the Cottonwood-Cummings Creek area east of the wilderness. Merriam turkeys have been released at Madison Butte, Bridge Creek Flats, and Troy. Chinook salmon, steelhead, and Dolly Varden and rainbow trout are found in the Grande Ronde, Umatilla, Wenaha, Tucannon, Walla Walla, and North Fork John Day Rivers and many of their tributaries.

NatureWatch The NatureWatch program is for people to experience wildlife, fish, and flowers in their natural settings; to promote recreational viewing opportunities, facilitate learning about the environment, and to promote conservation efforts and wise use of natural resources. 

Bounty of Bees Poster


Big Tree Program

One example of an Artwork Sheet AwardThe Umatilla National Forest Big Tree program was designed to address biological diversity concerns by locating and reserving (from timber harvest) the largest examples of each tree species occurring on the Forest. It was also designed to be compatible with national and state programs.

Native Plant Notebook

Information from a broad array of sources has been compiled to develop "species profiles" for selected grass, tree, and forb species native to the Blue Mountains area of northeast Oregon and southeast Washington.

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