About the Forest

Who are the people of the Forest Service?

The Forest Service has a workforce of approximately 30,000 permanent employees across the nation. In the summer, we hire more employees to fight fires and meet additional need for services by the recreating public. Our employees reflect the face of the nation when it comes to diversity, age, interests, and backgrounds. The Umpqua National Forest has 220 permanent employees, with another 200 summer seasonal hires. You can meet several of our employees and learn about what they do.

Voices from the Umpqua National Forest:

What is the Forest Service?

The U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service is a Federal agency that manages public lands in national forests and grasslands. The Forest Service is also the largest forestry research organization in the world, and provides technical and financial assistance to state and private forestry agencies.

When and why was the Forest Service established?

Congress established the Forest Service in 1905 to provide quality water and timber for the Nation's benefit. Congress later directed the Forest Service to manage national forests for additional multiple uses and benefits and for the sustained yield of renewable resources such as water, forage, wildlife, wood, and recreation. Gifford Pinchot, the first Chief of the Forest Service, summed up the purpose of the Forest Service . . . “to provide the greatest amount of good for the greatest amount of people in the long run."

The mission of the Forest Service is "To sustain the health, diversity, and productivity of the Nation’s forests and grasslands to meet the needs of present and future generations." Our motto is "Caring for the land and serving people."

For more information about the U.S. Forest Service, visit www.fs.fed.us/aboutus/meetfs.shtml

Umpqua National Forest Facts...

High Cascades glaciation, whitewater rapids and explosive volcanic events have shaped the spectacular scenery and abundant natural resources of the Umpqua National Forest.

The lands were included as part of the Cascade Forest Reserve in 1893. In 1908, Congress designated close to a million acres as the Umpqua National Forest.

The headwaters of the North and South Umpqua rivers and Row River begin on the Forest. Verdant stands of hemlock, true fir, Douglas-fir and cedar transition to lower elevation forests of mixed conifers and hardwoods. The waterways and diverse landscapes of the Forest create desirable habitat for many species of fish and wildlife in addition to providing outstanding recreational opportunities to our local communities and visitors.

Centennial Information

The Umpqua National Forest celebrated 100 years of caring for the land and serving people in 2008. As part of the celebration, we developed an area of our forest web site to include our history, as we know it, complete with historic photographs.

The Lands

  • Douglas County 821,252 acres (84%)
  • Lane County 151,249 acres (15%)
  • Jackson County 10,628 acres (1%)
  • Total 983,239 acres

The Forest has four ranger districts (numbers exclude private and BLM lands)

  • Cottage Grove 87,038 acres
  • Diamond Lake 316,629 acres
  • North Umpqua 256,404 acres
  • Tiller 325,909 acres

The Dorena Genetic Research Center is located near the Cottage Grove Ranger Station. The Forest is also the home of the Wolf Creek Job Corps Center, near Glide.

Personnel

  • Full time permanent: 171
  • Supervisor's Office 65
  • Cottage Grove 18
  • Diamond Lake 26
  • North Umpqua 26
  • Tiller 18
  • Dorena 18

Volunteers

  • 2012: 107 Volunteers = 17,768 Hours Donated
  • 2011: 71 Volunteers = 19,421 Hours Donated
  • 2010: 102 Volunteers = 28,999 Hours Donated
  • 2009: 259 Volunteers = 29,055 Hours Donated
  • 2008: 142 Volunteers = 35,476 Hours Donated

Northwest Forest Plan Land Allocations

According to the 1994 Northwest Forest Plan, the Forest falls within two provinces: The Willamette Province in the northern half, and the Oregon Cascades in the southern half of the Forest.

  • 3% Administratively Withdrawn
  • 34% Late Successional Reserve
  • 7% Adaptive Management Area
  • 34% Matrix
  • 10% Riparian Reserve
  • 12% Congressionally Withdrawn

Infrastructure

  • 6 offices are located in Roseburg, Glide, Cottage Grove, Tiller, Toketee and Dorena. The Wolf Creek Job Corps Center, near Glide, is operated separately from the Forest
  • 4,806 miles of Forest roads, 534 miles of which are maintained for passenger car travel
  • 9,488 acres of inventoried Roadless Areas
  • 5 active fire lookout facilities
  • 2 sewage treatment plants, plus sewage lagoon system at Diamond Lake
  • 4 water treatment plants
  • 11 active water systems
  • A municipal watershed is located at Layng Creek on the Cottage Grove Ranger District
  • 173 mining claims on the Forest; 66 with activity on Cottage Grove, 53 on North Umpqua (50 without activity) and 4 without activity on Tiller

Recreation

  • 3 Wilderness Areas: Boulder Creek, 19,100 acres; Rogue-Umpqua Divide, 26,350 acres (on Forest); and Mt. Thielsen, 21,593 acres (on Forest)
  • 530 miles of trails;153 miles are within Wilderness areas
  • 57 campgrounds with 800 total campsites
  • 258 Special Use Permits; 146 Recreation Permits, 112 non-recreation permits
  • 4 recreation resorts under Forest special use permit
  • 102 summer homes under special use permit
  • 5 rental cabins and fire lookout facilities
  • 735,000 recreation visitors per year

Timber

Timber Cut (million board feet)

  • 2002: 4.6
  • 2003: 5.1
  • 2004: 17.3
  • 2005: 29.7
  • 2006: 5.3

Timber Sold (million board feet)

  • 2002: 0.3
  • 2003: 10.6
  • 2004: 19.6
  • 2005: 16.9
  • 2006: 63.8

Native American Indian Tribes

Archaeological evidence suggests that the Umpqua Basin has been occupied for over 10,000 years. As trappers and settlers arrived in the mid-nineteenth century, they documented four distinct tribes of American Indians living and using areas now administered by the Umpqua National Forest. The Umpqua in the main Umpqua Valley, the Southern Molalla in the uplands of the Umpqua National Forest, the Yoncalla in the northern part of the Umpqua Valley, and the Cow Creek with their territory encompassing Myrtle Creek, Cow Creek, and the South Umpqua drainage. The Umpqua, Southern Molalla, and Yoncalla were moved to the Grand Ronde and Siletz Reservations. The Cow Creek Band of Umpqua of Indians is the only federally recognized Tribe remaining within the upper Umpqua Basin. The Umpqua National Forest consults with the Confederated Tribes of Grand Ronde, Confederated Tribes of Siletz, and the Cow Creek Band of Umpqua Tribe of Indians.

Secure Rural Schools and Community Self-Determination Act of 2000

Since the act was enacted, the 15-member Rogue/Umpqua Resource Advisory Committee has recommended $31.4 million of Title II funding for 639 projects in Douglas, Lane, Jackson, Klamath and Josephine counties on the Umpqua and Rogue River-Siskiyou National Forests. The program provides work for local contractors and communities while restoring forest health and maintaining roads and recreation facilities. Obtain more information about the Act and Resource Advisory Committees (RAC) at www.fs.fed.us/srs.

Wildlife

The Umpqua National Forest is at the juncture of several distinct geologic provinces, providing a wide spectrum of habitat for a wide diversity of plants and wildlife. The Forest is home to 18 fish species, including winter steelhead, Chinook and coho salmon, and sea-run cutthroat trout. The Forest abounds with 66 mammal species. Large mammals such as elk, deer, black bear, and cougar, as well as the smaller residents, squirrels, fox, raccoons, and bats are supported by the diverse forest habitats.

236 bird species, including raptors such as owls, eagles, osprey, and even peregrine falcons, can occasionally be seen soaring above the trees. Waterfowl are highly visible swimming and feeding in the lakes and rivers, while songbirds can be heard in the forests. The Forest is home to 27 reptile and amphibian species.

Anadromous, or sea-going fish like Coho and Chinook salmon and steelhead (sea-run trout), and rainbow, brown and cutthroat trout swim, feed and spawn in the thousands of miles rivers and streams covering the forest landscape.

Key Watersheds

  • Boulder Creek 22,121 acres
  • Calf Creek 12,651 acres
  • Copeland Creek 22,988 acres
  • Deception/Wilson Creeks 5,653 acres
  • South Umpqua River 321,447 acres
  • Steamboat Creek 118,369 acres
  • Williams/Fairview Creeks 7,618 acres

Total 510,847 acres

Adaptive Management Area

The Little River Adaptive Management Area has 72,540 acres on the Umpqua and 19,260 acres administered by the Roseburg District Bureau of Land Management.

Rogue-Umpqua National Scenic Byway and North Umpqua Wild and Scenic River

The Rogue-Umpqua National Scenic Byway extends 172 miles through the Rogue River and Umpqua national forests, the Medford and Roseburg districts of the Bureau of Land Management, and local lands. The Byway forms a partial loop, off Interstate 5, between Roseburg on State Highway 138 and Gold Hill on State Highway 234.

The Byway parallels 40 miles of the North Umpqua Wild and Scenic River, famed for its remarkable emerald green waters and steelhead trout habitat. In 1988, the Oregon Omnibus Wild and Scenic Rivers Act designated a portion of the North Umpqua a part of the Wild and Scenic River system. Twenty-six miles of the river are on the Forest.