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Wildland Fire

Cover of the USDA Forest Service Wildfire Crisis Landscape Investments publication on top of a map. Text: USDA Forest Service Announces 11 Additional Landscapes to Address Wildfire Risk to Infrastructure and Communities.
Confronting the Wildfire Crisis

In January 2022, the Forest Service launched a robust, 10-year strategy to address the wildfire crisis in the places where it poses the most immediate threats to communities.


Supporting the Wildland Firefighting Workforce

USDA is taking action in support of the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law to increase wildland firefighter pay, to work with federal partners to create a new wildland firefighter occupational series, and stand up programs to support mental health and well-being.

Wildland Firefighting Workforce

Fact Sheet: Supporting the Wildland Firefighting Workforce

From the Chief’s Desk: Increased Payments for Firefighters Achieved

The USDA Forest Service has also launched a 10-year strategy to reduce the risk of catastrophic fire. The strategy focuses on priority landscapes nationwide, where wildfire poses the most risk.

Learn more about the 10-year strategy

Wildland fires are a force of nature that can be nearly as impossible to prevent, and as difficult to control, as hurricanes, tornadoes, and floods.

Wildland fire can be a friend and a foe. In the right place at the right time, wildland fire can create many environmental benefits, such as reducing grass, brush, and trees that can fuel large and severe wildfires and improving wildlife habitat. In the wrong place at the wrong time, wildfires can wreak havoc, threatening lives, homes, communities, and natural and cultural resources.

The Forest Service has been managing wildland fire on National Forests and Grasslands for more than 100 years. But the Forest Service doesn’t – and can’t – do it alone. Instead, the agency works closely with other federal, tribal, state, and local partners.

This is more important than ever because over the last few decades, the wildland fire management environment has profoundly changed. Longer fire seasons; bigger fires and more acres burned on average each year; more

extreme fire behavior; and wildfire suppression operations in the wildland urban interface (WUI) have become the norm. 

To address these challenges, the Forest Service and its other federal, tribal, state, and local partners have developed and are implementing a National Cohesive Wildland Fire Management Strategy that has three key components: Resilient Landscapes, Fire Adapted Communities, and Safe and Effective Wildfire Response.

Learn how U.S. Forest Service fire managers respond to wildfires on National Forest System lands.

Being a Wildland Firefighter

People Working in Fire






These guides will help firefighters and their families prepare for, and respond to, a realm of planned and unplanned situations in the world of wildland firefighting.

These guides provide honest information, resources, and conversation starters to give you, the firefighter, helpful tools to prepare yourself and your family for the realities of performing as a wildland firefighter. 

Preparedness Guide for Firefighters and Their Families (2022 Edition)

U.S. Forest Service Supplement -of the Preparedness Guide for Firefighters and Their Families (2020 Update)

Wildland Fire Suppression Occupations

Wildland Fire Resources

  • Aviation

Airtanker dropping retardant






Aerial Firefighting Use and Effectiveness (AFUE)


Aviation Professionals

Aviation Safety Management Systems

Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS)

U.S. Forest Service & Interagency Aviation Publications

  • Contracting

Helicopter flying over flames







  • Fuels Management

prescribed fire
Mechanical Treatment





Resilient Landscapes

Prescribed Fire

Mechanical Treatment


  • Grants

A house at night with the lights on with a wildfire burning on entire forested ridge behind it.
Sweet Creek Milepost 2 Fire in 2020, Oregon Department of Forestry photo by Marcus Kauffman

Community Wildfire Defense Grant

Federal Wildfire Grant Resources


  • Incident Business

Incident Business Practices






Incident Business Practices

All-Hazard Incidents

  • Prevention

Community Mitigation Assistance Team





Community Mitigation Assistance Team (CMAT)

Fire Adapted Communities (FAC)

Smokey Bear license logo with Smokey Bear in center of circle







Official Smokey Bear Licensees and Products

  • Property







Excess Personal Property & Firefighter Property Program

  • Publications







Fire Publications

Interagency Fire Program Management Standard (IFPM)

  • Resources

Managing Fire






Equipment and Tools

Fire Forecasting

Interagency Wildland Fire Chemicals Policy & Guidance

Land Rehabilitation and Restoration

Managing Fire

Wildland Fire Vehicles

  • Safety

Risk Management and Firefighter Safety and Health






Wildland Firefighter Medical Qualifications 

Risk Management 


Work Capacity Test (WCT)